Today was looking much better on the models with areawide convection over Arizona. The only real choice was wether to head North from Phoenix over the Mogollan Ridge or South again towards the Tucson area. I decided the better moisture and parameters were south and so we once again set off for the Tucson area. After lunch we headed a little bit further east towards Benson and watched a few weak showers, our attention was drawn back towards Tucson though with a Boundary or TCU fighting a pretty decent Cap.
Picture Below from Stuart Wilson showing an Iredescent Pilleus Cap
As darkness was beginning to fall a group of 3 strong storms gained Severe T-Storm warnings over the Tucson Valley area, shooting lightning from the east of these was proving hard with lots of dust making the pictures very orange looking so we busted through the storms through flash flooding near the Oro Valley and stopped about 5 miles North of the Storm Complex near Pinal Air Park with a stunning location overlooking the Picture Rocks mountain range. Here we watched for an hour stunning Cg lightning over the mountains. All pictures from Stuart Wilson below.
A really great first days Haboob chasing for Weather Holidays
Day 1 of the trip saw a very quiet day in Arizona after the day before had been a pretty severe day when we landed or almost did not land with a Haboob hitting Phoenix about the time our BA Flight was landing.
Anyway the Cap was too strong but after watching the Sunset on Mount Lemmon we noticed some Lightning just over the border in Mexico way off to our South, along the way back to Phoenix and a full 120 miles away from the Storms we stopped for some Milky Way and distant storm shots mainly to see if we could pick up any sprites, unfortunately no sprites but the Milky Way was there to see until the Moon rose at 958pm. Nice Start to the Monsoon and much more active tomorrow.
Started our last chase day of the 2018 Season in Ogallalla and needed to stay south and close enough to Denver for tomorrow flight home. A very broad area of risk with the NAM much more aggressive than the HRRR for this day. Moisture was lacking in the risk area with the better dewpoints way off to the east suggesting the overnight risk would be more severe than the day risk. We headed west towards Pine Bluff and watched a Storm go up over our heads, last day Hail fun was on order and we took Quarter Sized hail for a good 15 minutes just West of Pine Bluff as the Storm went Severe.
More Storms were starting to form further south so we just kept stair stepping down the line until we go to just west of Sterling. None of the storms today were Supercells but just Pulse Storms, they did have some great Cg Lightning though and John managed to pull off this shot which was pretty much the last shot of the Season at Stoneham. See you all in 2019
Started the day in Colby (KS) and Models were quite consistent with where Initiation might be along a wind shift and stationery boundary. We had lunch in Culbertson (NE) and went towards Holyoke where first signs of Initiation was occuring. The Storms were really struggling maybe due to so much smoke in the atmosphere from the Southern Colorado Fires. Another area of Storms had initiated near North Platte around 75 miles to our North East and these looked more robust and crucially they were in Temps of 85 with a 74 Dewpoint. We probably hung around the Colorado Storms too long but made a break for the Nebraska cells and as soon as we did it went Tornado Warned, the Velocity was very broad and elevated, I pretty much knew these were going to be LP Supercells when we finally got a visual on them and so they were. We headed North along Highway 83 from North Platte towards Stapleton and got our first visual on the base, a sculptured Barber Pole LP Supercell which even had a Funnel Cloud hanging from it upon arrival. New Storms had also by now gone up to our west and these also had elevated funnel clouds. The show really got started at Sunset when we had at one point 3 LP Supercells spinning away and spitting out some amazing Clear Air Cg Lightning Bolts (A Photographers Dream) Pics below are from John Finney of both Supercells at Sunset and just after dark.
The Peach Sunset colours were spectacular
As darkness came upon us the Lightning Continued
Started the day in Chadron (NE) and had a target of NE Colorado. Models once again were handling today pretty badly and once again we had stratus inhibiting surface heating. One area that did get some surface heating and an Outflow Boundary was about 200 miles to the East near Hastings (NE) and here a localised Tornado threat occured, and like a lot of the 2018 season if you were lucky enough to be within an hours drive then you would have been on the Jackpot today. We stuck to our guns and watched an area of clearing down near Yuma so headed off south along Highway 385 through Holyoke and Wray towards 3 developing Supercells, the southern most of these was trying to move SE towards a NW Moving Ouflow Boundary near Burlington. Finally our chase was on.
Radar Picture above shows our Supercell really close to intersecting the Boundary shown in Light Blue. For a time we noticed rotation and a few attempts at funnels, but it was already clear the storm had ingested the boundary and was now on the move increasing its forward speed to 55mph and gusting out quite quickly.
We headed down to Burlington and then east towards Colby, even doing 80mph we still could not outrun the Storm which was now picking up most of the field around us and creating a huge Haboob. It made for some interesting driving with all manor of objects being thrown over the road around us. We decided with little chance of Lighnting to head to Hays and let the storm roll over us. A really tough chase day once again!
Started the day in Dickinson (ND) with a Chase Target of the Gillette to Sundance area of Wyoming. A pair of Supercells initiated and tracked quite fast to the East and started to haul rapidly towards us at 40mph. The Northern Storm was on a track to go very close to Devils Tower so we headed North from Moorcroft and took up position. The Storm was quite grungy but we still managed some amazing pictures. Pic Below from John Finney.
That storm was dropping Golfball Hail just North of us so we scooted south to the Southern Storm down winding Mountain roads towards Sundance. The Structure was very nice and the hail was the main concern.
The Storm took a turn to the south so it was now a race to get out of the way of 80mph wind driven Baseball Hail, we took a few to the side windows but escaped, other were not so lucky further north losing windows in the process.
Pic Below from John Finney of us escaping South
We let the 2 Northern Supercells go and made our way South towards the Nebraska/South Dakota Border where the Models showed a tail end charlie storm around 7pm. Some Storms along the way kept us entertained and we stopped at points to shoot Lightning over the Black Hills near Hot Springs.
We kept an eye on the Storm to our South West and when it did a hard right turn it almost immediately gained a Tornado Warning, we noticed on our journey south a Cone Funnel half way to the ground. Again we stopped at the border to shoot some structure. Pic again by John Finney
Again a Cone Funnel formed but it was yet again sooo close to dropping a nice Tornado in front of us. Mother Nature really has had it in for me this year.
A little after the above picture was taken the Storm gusted out and produced an amazing Hail Dump just to our north. We finished the day in Chadron (NE)
Today would be the last big day of the Season and I was feeling confident. HRRR Had numerous Tornadic Supercells on its early runs and we left Rapid City early with a Lunch Stop in Bowman (ND). I was still undecided on what play to go for even at 2pm. The Set Up showed Low to Mid 70’s Dewpoints wrapping North around an area of Low Pressure moving North East from NE Wyoming into NW South Dakota for around 6pm. It also showed a lifting Warm Front which disected a South Eastwards moving Cold Front over Montana. The way I have been taught is to go for the wrapping Moisture around the Low as this nearly always produces Tornadoes. Easy Huh ??
The First Storm of the Day went up in the Perfect position and sat stationery for about an hour, this was definately riding the warm front, the give away was when it did a Left/Right Split and the Right moving Supercell moved due east along the front. Our approach showed a strong Updraught indeed.
I still had a nagging feeling though, we were near Killdeer by now which was about 150 miles North of the Approaching Surface Low. But surely if our storm and another further south west went up both would produce. We ploughed on and sat just South of the now Stationery Supercell. The only thing lacking early in the storms life cycle was the low level rotation which was pretty non existant, the inflow was however really impressive at around 30mph sustained. Finally after an hour of watching the Storm the rotation increased and we had our first attempt at a Tornado. A snaky funnel reached down half way to the ground but no touchdown. Pic Below From John Finney
We moved a little further south and the Structure really started to take shape now as well.
Still no touchdown and no Tornado Warning yet either. Another few stops further south showed a rapidly rotating White Mesocyclone just 500 feet off the ground, and now our storm was tornado warned finally.
Pics Below by John Finney
The above picture shows if something had put down we would have been staring at a very large Tornado from such a strong Meso. But a little after the picture above the cause was over with the Storm seemingly leaving the Boundary after about 5 hours sat on it and we got blasted with cold Outflow winds. This storm had more rotation than I had seen in most other storms but did not produce a Tornado when the conditions were perfect, it just goes to show we now little about why some storms produce and why the majority dont.
A great chase none the less.
After travelling most of the previous day we knew a potent line of Storms currently in NW South Dakota would make it to Mitchell at Daybreak so it was an early 515am wake up and head out to the approaching Storms. The Sunrise in the east with the storm approaching from the west did not dissapoint. Some lovely colours of the Corn Field were on offer and John Finney captured some stunning pictures once again.
Today was being billed as the big day of June for quite some time, A Day 2 Moderate Risk but by the time we had woken up this had been downgraded to an Enhanced Risk already. Upon looking at Surface Obs and Vis Sat this Risk was rapidly going downhill with an overnight MCS pushing the effective outflow much further south, in fact it was approaching Lubbock by 18z. All that was left was Upslope flow into the Foothills of Extreme Southern Colorado and the Raton Mesa area to give us some chasing. The 20z Outlook put a further nail in the coffin with the 5% Tornado risk being downgraded to a 2%. We left Lamar and had lunch in Springfield before heading west to a growing storm near Kim. This Storm soon died but our attention was then focused to a very nice Supercell heading SE from Trinidad into New Mexico. We headed south from Kim and stopped just North of Brandon to see some pretty stunning structure.
Around this time the Volocities tightened up quite a bit and reports were coming in of a Wedge Tornado on the ground to our West, but from our vantage point it was just a very low hanging wall cloud hanging on the Mesa. We continued South and watched some really nice Cg Lightning with Quarter Sized Hail falling around us North of Folsom.
Nice Structure now – Pic From James Menzies
We continued South to Des Moines (NM) and watched as clouds cloaked the Capulin Volcano – Pic James Menzies
After this the Storms fell apart and we headed east towards our Overnight stay of Guymon but did stop 1 more time for some Lightning and Art Opps.
Changeover day and another Risk day this time South and East from Denver with a small 2% Tornado Risk. Supercells were ongoing when we got away from the Airport around 3pm and it wasnt long before we connected with a Storm South West of Limon. There was another Supercell that had gone through the area earlier which had dumped lot of Hail about 3″ Deep on the roadway which made it look like a winters scene.
Picture Above From John Finney
The Storm started to structure up and we started to take Quarter Sized Hail near Karval. When we got in front of the Storm and looked back some Impressive Hail Fog was rolling out the back of the Storm to our north.
We continued East with the Storms towards Lamar and watched a few new storms going up at the back of the main SE Moving Complex on the Outflow which gave us some nice Lightning Ops. Picture below by James Menzies